By Harald Fritzsch,Murray Gell-Mann
Today it truly is identified that the atomic nuclei are composed of smaller elements, the quarks. A quark is usually certain with different quarks, forming a baryon or with an antiquark, forming a meson. The quark version used to be first postulated in 1964 by way of Murray Gell-Mann — who coined the identify “quark” from James Joyce's novel Finnegans Wake — and by way of George Zweig, who then labored at CERN. within the current thought of sturdy interactions — Quantum Chromodynamics proposed by way of H Fritzsch and Gell-Mann in 1972 — the forces that bind the quarks jointly are a result of trade of 8 gluons.
On the fiftieth anniversary of the quark version, this valuable quantity appears again on the advancements and achievements within the user-friendly particle physics that eventuated from that stunning version. Written via a world staff of unique physicists, every one of whom have made significant advancements within the box, the amount offers a vital assessment of the current kingdom to the lecturers and researchers.
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50 Years of Quarks by Harald Fritzsch,Murray Gell-Mann